|1. Study of landuse effects on dissolved organic matter chemistry and ecosystem metabolism (primary production, respiration) in a diverse cultural landscape of Central Europe. Hypothesis: Landuse affects metabolism and DOM chemistry, metabolism and DOM interact reciprocally. Approach: Single snapshot of DOM chemistry and diurnal oxygen (24 hours minimum with 2 consecutive nights, later inverse metabolism modelling) at streams along a landuse gradient.|
|2. Investigation of effects of mixing variously composed dissolved organic matter (and nutrients) at natural confluences on DOM biodegradation. Main hypothesis: Mixing of chemically differentiated water has non-additive influence on biodegradation (i.e. biodegradation below confluence cannot be predicted from tributaries). Approach: Collect water from naturally merging streams just before confluence, mix in lab according to observed discharge ratio and run 14-day biodegradation assays. Study biodegradation rates and changes of DOM composition during biodegradation assay.|
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC), sometimes known as dissolved organic material (DOM), is a broad classification for organic molecules of varied origin and composition within aquatic systems. The "dissolved" fraction of organic carbon is an operational classification. Many researchers use the term "dissolved" for compounds below 0.45 micrometers, but 0.22 micrometers is also common, saving colloidal for higher concentrations. A practical definition of dissolved typically used in marine chemistry is all substances that pass through a GF/F filter. The recommended measure technique is the HTCO technique after filtration on precombusted glass fiber filters, typically GF/F filters.
Dissolved organic carbon in marine and freshwater systems is one of the greatest cycled reservoirs of organic matter on Earth, accounting for the same amount of carbon as the atmosphere and up to 20% of all organic carbon. The source of dissolved organic carbon depends on the body of water. In general, organic carbon compounds are a result of decomposition processes from dead organic matter such as plants or marine organisms. When water originates from land areas with a high proportion of organic soils, these components can drain into rivers and lakes as dissolved organic carbon.
Dissolved organic carbon is also extremely important in the transport of metals in aquatic systems. Metals form extremely strong complexes with dissolved organic carbon, enhancing metal solubility while also reducing metal bioavailability.
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